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capturing_20the_20contents_20of_20a_20window

Capturing the contents of a window

by Richard Russell, May 2007 (updated)

You can capture, as a bitmap file, the contents of your program's main output window using the *SCREENSAVE (or *GSAVE) command. But what if you want to save not your output window but the contents of a dialogue box, Direct3D window or other window? There is no equivalent built-in command to do that.

The procedures listed below will capture to a file the contents of the window whose handle is specified. If one doesn't work the other probably will. The procedures as listed save the image as a BMP file; if you want to use a different file format change PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%, file$) to PROCsavegif(hbm%, file$) or PROCsavejpg(hbm%, file$, quality%) etc. as appropriate.

Method one

This method is most appropriate for dialogue boxes and other child windows. It will work even if the window is wholly or partially obscured, but won't work with Direct3D windows:

        DEF PROCcapturewindow1(hwnd%, file$)
        PRF_CHILDREN = 16
        PRF_ERASEBKGND = 8
        PRF_CLIENT = 4
        PRF_NONCLIENT = 2
        WM_PRINT = 791
        LOCAL rc{}, hdc%, hbm%, oldbm%
        DIM rc{l%,t%,r%,b%}
        SYS "GetWindowRect", hwnd%, rc{}
        SYS "CreateCompatibleDC", @memhdc% TO hdc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleBitmap", @memhdc%, rc.r%-rc.l%, rc.b%-rc.t% TO hbm%
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, hbm% TO oldbm%
        SYS "SendMessage", hwnd%, WM_PRINT, hdc%, \
        \                  PRF_CHILDREN+PRF_ERASEBKGND+PRF_CLIENT+PRF_NONCLIENT
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, oldbm%
        PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%, file$)
        SYS "DeleteObject", hbm%
        SYS "DeleteDC", hdc%
        ENDPROC

So if you wanted to capture the contents of a dialogue box you might do:

        PROCcapturewindow1(!dlg%, @dir$+"dialogue.bmp")

where dlg% is the value returned from FN_newdialog.

The procedure calls the PROCsaveasbmp routine which is listed below. If you want to capture the window as a JPEG or GIF file change the PROCsaveasbmp to PROCsavejpeg or PROCsavegif respectively.

Method two

This method is appropriate for Direct3D windows and other windows which don't give the required results with the previous method. However if the window is wholly or partially obscured, the captured image will include the obscuring object:

        DEF PROCcapturewindow2(hwnd%, file$)
        LOCAL rc{}, hdc%, hbm%, ddc%, oldbm%
        DIM rc{l%,t%,r%,b%}
        SYS "GetWindowRect", hwnd%, rc{}
        SYS "CreateDC", "DISPLAY", 0, 0, 0 TO ddc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleDC", @memhdc% TO hdc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleBitmap", @memhdc%, rc.r%-rc.l%, rc.b%-rc.t% TO hbm%
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, hbm% TO oldbm%
        SYS "BitBlt", hdc%, 0, 0, rc.r%-rc.l%, rc.b%-rc.t%, ddc%, rc.l%, rc.t%, &CC0020
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, oldbm%
        PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%, file$)
        SYS "DeleteObject", hbm%
        SYS "DeleteDC", hdc%
        SYS "DeleteDC", ddc%
        ENDPROC

So if you wanted to capture your Direct3D output you might do:

        PROCcapturewindow2(@hwnd%, @dir$+"direct3d.bmp")

The procedure calls the PROCsaveasbmp routine which is listed below. If you want to capture the window as a JPEG or GIF file change the PROCsaveasbmp to PROCsavejpeg or PROCsavegif respectively.

Method three

This is similar to Method two, but simulates capturing the mouse pointer in addition to the window contents:

        DEF PROCCaptureWindowWithMousePointer(hwnd%, file$)
        LOCAL ddc%, hdc%, hbm%, oldbm%, hicon%
        LOCAL rc{}, ci{}, ii{}
        DIM rc{l%,t%,r%,b%} : REM RECT{}
        DIM ci{cbSize%, flags%, hCursor%, ScreenPosX%, ScreenPosY%} : REM CURSORINFO{}
        DIM ii{fIcon%, xHotspot%, yHotspot%, hbmMask%, hbmColor%}   : REM ICONINFO{}
        ci.cbSize% = DIM(ci{})
        SRCCOPY = &CC0020
        SYS "GetCursorInfo", ci{}
        SYS "CopyIcon", ci.hCursor% TO hicon%
        SYS "CreateDC", "DISPLAY", 0, 0, 0 TO ddc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleDC", @memhdc% TO hdc%
        SYS "GetWindowRect", hwnd%, rc{}
        SYS "CreateCompatibleBitmap", @memhdc%, rc.r%-rc.l%, rc.b%-rc.t% TO hbm%
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, hbm% TO oldbm%
        SYS "BitBlt", hdc%, 0, 0, rc.r%-rc.l%, rc.b%-rc.t%, ddc%, rc.l%, rc.t%, SRCCOPY
        IF hicon% THEN
          ci.ScreenPosX% -= rc.l%
          ci.ScreenPosY% -= rc.t%
          SYS "GetIconInfo", hicon%, ii{}
          ci.ScreenPosX% -= ii.xHotspot%
          ci.ScreenPosY% -= ii.yHotspot%
          SYS "DrawIcon", hdc%, ci.ScreenPosX%, ci.ScreenPosY%, hicon%
          SYS "DeleteObject", ii.hbmMask%
          SYS "DeleteObject", ii.hbmColor%
          SYS "DestroyIcon", hicon%
        ENDIF
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, oldbm%
        PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%, file$)
        SYS "DeleteObject", hbm%
        SYS "DeleteDC", hdc%
        SYS "DeleteDC", ddc%
        ENDPROC

by Michael Hutton, November 2010

Capturing the whole desktop can be done with:

        DEF PROC_CaptureScreenWithMousePointer(_file$)
        LOCAL ddc%, hdc%, hbm%, oldbm%, xscreen%, yscreen% , hicon% , X%, Y%
        LOCAL ci{}, ii{}
        DIM ci{ cbSize%, flags%, hCursor%, ScreenPosX%, ScreenPosY%} : REM CURSORINFO{}
        DIM ii{ fIcon%, xHotspot%, yHotspot%, hbmMask%, hbmColor%}   : REM ICONINFO{}
        ci.cbSize% = DIM(ci{})
        SYS "GetCursorInfo", ci{}
        SYS "CopyIcon", ci.hCursor% TO hicon%
        SYS "GetIconInfo", hicon%, ii{}
        X% = ci.ScreenPosX% - ii.xHotspot%
        Y% = ci.ScreenPosY% - ii.yHotspot%
        SYS "GetSystemMetrics", 0 TO xscreen%
        SYS "GetSystemMetrics", 1 TO yscreen%
        SYS "CreateDC", "DISPLAY", 0, 0, 0 TO ddc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleDC", @memhdc% TO hdc%
        SYS "CreateCompatibleBitmap", @memhdc%, xscreen%, yscreen% TO hbm%
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, hbm% TO oldbm%
        SYS "BitBlt", hdc%, 0, 0, xscreen%, yscreen%, ddc%, 0, 0, &CC0020
        SYS "DrawIcon", hdc%, X%, Y%, hicon%
        SYS "SelectObject", hdc%, oldbm%
        PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%, _file$)
        SYS "DeleteObject", hbm%
        SYS "DeleteDC", hdc%
        SYS "DeleteDC", ddc%
        SYS "DestroyIcon", hicon%
        SYS "DeleteObject", ii.hbmMask%
        SYS "DeleteObject", ii.hbmColor%
        ENDPROC

Saving a bitmap to a file

This routine can be used whenever you want to save to file a bitmap whose handle you know:

        DEF PROCsaveasbmp(hbm%,file$)
        LOCAL bmp%, width%, height%, size%, data%, res%
 
        REM. Find the bitmap dimensions and file size:
        DIM bmp% LOCAL 26
        bmp% = (bmp% + 3) AND -4
        SYS "GetObject", hbm%, 24, bmp% TO res%
        IF res%=0 ERROR 100, "GetObject failed"
 
        width% = bmp%!4
        height% = bmp%!8
        size% = 54 + height%*((width%*3 + 3) AND -4)
 
        REM. Allocate and zero memory for BMP file:
        SYS "GlobalAlloc", &40, size% TO data%
        IF data%=0 ERROR 100, "GlobalAlloc failed"
 
        REM. Store file and bitmap headers:
        data%?0 = ASC"B"
        data%?1 = ASC"M"
        data%!2 = size%
        data%!10 = 54
        data%!14 = 40
        data%!18 = width%
        data%!22 = height%
        data%!26 = &180001
 
        REM. Copy the image into the DIB:
        SYS "GetDIBits", @memhdc%, hbm%, 0, height%, data%+54, data%+14, 0 TO res%
        IF res%<>height% ERROR 100, "GetDIBits failed"
 
        REM. Save the output file:
        OSCLI "SAVE """+file$+""" "+STR$~data%+" +"+STR$~size%
 
        SYS "GlobalFree", data%
        ENDPROC
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capturing_20the_20contents_20of_20a_20window.txt · Last modified: 2018/04/16 14:41 by richardrussell